APDA American Parkinson Disease Association
Information & Referral Center

Driving and PD

Self-Assessments of Driving Ability

Drive Sharp Calculator
Published by AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety and PositScience
Free 5-minute screening test to rate crash risk, based on “useful field of view.”

Drivers 65 Plus Self-Rating Form
Published by AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
After completing online, receive tips and suggestions for safer driving habits based on responses.

How Is Your Physical Fitness?
Published by National Highway Traffic Safety Organization
Discusses effects of decreased physical fitness on driving.

Older Drive Safety and Transition -- for the Mature Driver
Published by National Center on Senior Transportation

Roadwise Review
Published by AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
Free screening tool to help seniors measure mental and physical abilities important for safe driving. The review takes about 30 minutes and requires a partner to administer correctly.

Self-Assessments of Driving Ability - California

Age Well Drive Smart
Published by California Highway Patrol
Free, two-hour senior driver safety/mobility class to educate drivers over 65. Register with their local CHP office or at various senior centers.

Article in Lake County newspaper about Age Well Drive Smart program

How Parkinson's Disease Affects Driving Ability

"Driving and Parkinson’s Disease: Balancing Independence and Safety," by Margaret O’Connor, Ph.D., A.B.P.P. and Lissa Robins Kapust, L.I.C.S.W., Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA
Presentation for PDF Expert Briefing (webinar), January 31, 2012
Archived recording of webinar
Speakers' presentation

"Driving and Parkinson's Disease – When is it Time to Give up the Keys?"
Published by PDF, 2005. Reprinted from"PDF News & Review," Summer 2004.
This 2-page fact sheet reviews how PD affects driving, assessment options, and what family members and friends can do to help.

"Driving When You Have Parkinson's Disease"
Published by NPF, date unknown
This two-page checklist is designed to help a person with PD and his/her healthcare professional discuss the ability to drive safely.

"Facts about Driving and PD"
Published by: VA Parkinson's Disease Research, Education, & Clinical Center (PADRECC) Bulletin, date unknown
This one page on driving and PD in the PADRECC Bulletin has lots of tips for driving safety.

How MDs Assess a Person's Ability to Drive

Assessing Functional Ability
Published by American Medical Association
Details best clinical practices in assessing an older driver’s ability to drive.

Finding a Driving Rehabilitation Specialist

Note: private insurance, Medicaid and Medicare do not pay for driver evaluations. Possible sources for coverage include vocational rehabilitation programs, independent living programs, workers compensation benefit payments, or private pay.

Directory of Driver Rehabilitation Specialists
Published by Association for Driver Rehabilition Specialists
Nationwide directory of ADRS members. Look for "Certified Driver Rehabilitation Specialists" or "Driver Rehabilitation Specialists."

Directory of Occupational Therapists
Published by American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA)
Nationwide database of occupational therapists who self-report that they are driving specialists. Look for "clinical evaluation" or "in-vehicle evaluation."

Contact your local rehabilitation hospital's occupational therapy department for information on OTs who are driving specialists.

Finding a Driving Rehabilitation Specialist - Northern California

List of driving rehabilitation specialists in Northern California
Compiled mostly from the directory of driver rehabilitation specialists listed above.

Maximize Safety on the Road

AAA Mature Driver Course
AAA offers mature driver safety course online for a fee. Note that successful completion of course may lead to lower auto insurance premium.

AARP Driver Safety Course
AARP offers older driver safety course for a fee -- either online or in-person in a classroom setting (use locator to find nearby class or, in the San Francisco Bay Area, contact Les Schreiber). Note that successful completion of course may lead to lower auto insurance premium.

CarFit: Helping Mature Drivers Find Their Safest Fit
Find the right car and any aids needed for safe driving.

"On the Road: Keeping Driving Skills Sharp"
Published by NPF, date unknown
This one-page lists options to maintain optimal driving safety.

Transportation After Driving Retirement

AAA's List
List by state of supplemental transportation programs for those needing alternative transportation.

Eldercare Locator's Transportation Database
Searchable database of transportation alternatives. (topic=transportation)

Family Matters

Crafting Caring Family Conversations with Older Drivers
Helpful online information from The Hartford

We Need to Talk: Conversations About Driving
Online seminar, produced by AARP, The Hartford, and MIT AgeLab
20-page booklet, published by AARP, 2008

Anonymously Request Driver Re-examination with California DMV
There are times that the driver must be stopped from driving for his own or others’ safety. Anyone can make an anonymous report to California's DMV, using form DS 699.


If you find additional resources that you think would benefit others in the Parkinson’s community, please email Steven Russell [swrussell].

This information compiled by Steven Russell with Stanford's Parkinson's Community Outreach Program. Last updated July 2016.

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