APDA American Parkinson Disease Association
Information & Referral Center

Speech and Swallowing Resources

Best Publications - Downloadable

"Eating, Swallowing and Saliva Control in Parkinson's"
Published by Parkinson's UK, 2013
This six-page information sheet explains difficulties associated with eating and swallowing, as well as producing too much or too little saliva. Information and tips for family and friends are shared.

"Parkinson's Disease: Speech and Swallowing"
Published by National Parkinson Foundation
This 21-page booklet describes speech, swallowing, memory and thinking changes in PD. An evaluation check list helps determine if professional assistance is needed for speech and swallowing. Speech, swallowing, and cognitive self-help suggestions for patient, family and friends are included.
En Espanol: Enfermedad de Parkinson: Dificultades con el Habla y la Deglucion (tragar)

"Speaking Effectively, A Strategic Guide For Speaking and Swallowing"
Published by American Parkinson Disease Association, 2010
Booklet includes self-evaluations and caregiver surveys to determine at what point professional help is needed. Professional examinations are described along with recommendations for both home and professional intervention to improve speech, make eating easier and safer, and reduce drooling. Maintaining communication to reduce isolation is encouraged.

"Speech and Language Therapy and Parkinson's"

Published by Parkinson's UK, 2013
Short information sheet looks at what difficulties associated with speech and communication, and how speech and language therapy can help.

"Swallowing and Parkinson's Disease"
Published by Parkinson's Australia, 2008
Short summary of implications of swallowing problems, using both medical and lay terminology, with management strategies for some.

"What is Dysphagia?"
Published by American Parkinson Disease Association, 2011
This educational supplement describes the normal swallowing process. It offers seven swallowing exercises and a list of five other considerations that help with swallowing.

Best Online Information

“10 Tips for Managing Drooling in Parkinson’s," by Dr. Maria De Leon
Published by defeatparkinsons.com, July 31, 2014
Sailorrhea, or drooling, refers to pooling of saliva in the mouth.  It occurs in around 50-80% of all Parkinson’s patients, particularly men.  This blog post explains the cause, risk of aspiration, anxiety, and social embarrassment, with 10 helpful tips & treatment options to help with this pesky problem.

"Introduction to Speech and Swallowing Problems Associated With Parkinson's Disease"
Published by National Parkinson Foundation, 1999
Webpage with excerpts from NPF booklet on how to identify and treat speech and swallowing issues.

“Saliva Control”
Published by the MSA Trust, April 2016
This 4-page fact sheet is aimed at those experiencing difficulties with saliva control.  It provides information about the possible problems and advises on what can be done to manage these symptoms.  MSA is a form of parkinsonism, sometimes referred to as ‘Parkinson’s Plus.’  It shares many gait, balance, and non-motor symptoms, like sailorrhea (drooling).

“Swallowing”
Published by What-When-How, In Depth Tutorials and Information
This short webpage explains the typical sequence of movements that transport food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach.  PD often affects the function of these muscles,  causing swallowing problems or drooling.  Significant swallowing problems can be life threatening.  Speech-language pathology can help a person improve control of these muscles.

Best Online Lectures and Webinars

"How Does Speech Therapy Help in Parkinson's Patients"
Online video by National Parkinson Foundation
Four-minute video features Michael S. Okun, MD.

"What Types of Tests and Techniques are there for Swallowing Problems?"
Online video published by National Parkinson Foundation
Four-minute video features Michael S. Okun, MD.

 

 

This list compiled by Denise Dagan with Stanford's Parkinson's Community Outreach Program, May 2012. Links last updated by Steven Russell, August 2016. Resources last updated by Robin Riddle, January 2017.

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