APDA American Parkinson Disease Association
Information & Referral Center

Non-Motor Symptoms

Parkinson's Disease is characterized by motor symptoms and non-motor symptoms.

Motor symptoms may include instability of posture or balance, gait difficulty, stiffness or rigidity of the arms, legs or neck, general slowness of movement and tremors.

Non-motor symptoms may include anxiety, apathy, cognitive problems, constipation, depression, fatigue, incontinence, orthostatic hypotension (blood pressure problems), pain, psychosis (hallucinations and delusions) sexual dysfunction, sleep problems, swallowing problems (dysphagia), sweating and temperature regulation, vision problems, etc.

Click on symptoms above or the menu selections on the left for resources on each of the non-motor symptoms covered.

Here is a general overview of non-motor symptoms:

Relevant Online Lectures and Webinars

“Non-motor Symptoms: What’s New?”
By the Parkinson’s Foundation, January 15, 2019
In this 1-hour webinar, Dr. Ronald Pfeiffer helps listeners recognize various non-motor symptoms that may be present years before classic motor features of PD appear and certainly continue throughout the disease process.  In fact, non-motor symptoms are frequently the most troublesome symptoms of PD as it advances.  Treatments other than traditional PD medications may be the most effective way to relieve non-motor symptoms.
Register to new the webinar
Slide presentation


“Parkinson’s Disease - Approach to Non Motor Symptoms”
By Panorama Patient Network, 2017.
In this 24-minute video, neurologist Matt Stern, MD, discusses non-motor symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease, including urinary problems, constipation, sleep problems, mood and cognitive challenges.  In the second half of the video, psychiatrist Daniel Weintraub, MD, explains psychiatric issues, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviors.

Last updated by Denise Dagan, Stanford Parkinson's Community Outreach, October 2017.


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